Understanding the 3Ls framework© – part one – Learning preferences.


Learning how your brain prefers to learn is the first L in our unique 3Ls framework©.

For a student to become a successful learner they need to know how their brains prefer to learn.

Let me explain what I mean by preferences.

Do you write with your right or left hand?

Perhaps you can write with both hands but generally we prefer one or the other.

It’s the same with learning. Our brains have a preference for a particular learning style. It might not be limited to one preference but there is always an order the brain will work through.

Understanding how you can use these preferences is an integral part of our 3Ls framework©.

If you have a natural ability to learn in a certain way, then why would you not use it?

The preferences can be simplified into 4 main styles

  1. Learning by sight – visual
  2. Learning by sound – tonal
  3. Learning by feel – kinaesthetic
  4. Learning by thought – audio digital

A student usually has a preference for at least two styles, and some can use all 4.  Part of our 3Ls framework© is helping students understand their natural learning preferences and how to use them.

If all students knew how they learnt, they could begin to understand why some lessons and/or teachers are harder to understand than others.

The most easily catered for learning preference in school is visual.  Teachers generally have something for students to look at or have workbooks and handouts to see.

In my experience tonal learners are the least catered for.  The words a teacher uses, the pace of delivery of those words and the noise in the classroom can all affect a tonal learner.  They can often be accused of not listening or paying attention.

Depending on what other preference a student uses that student could sink or swim.  But understanding why Mr Browns voice is so boring to them or not being given visuals to use in a lesson, really makes a positive difference to students.

On the other hand if a student finds a lesson easy they often don’t recognise their natural learning skills.  If I had a pound for every student that dismissed their Art skills or their PE skills, I would be a rich woman.

Just because you find something easy doesn’t mean it is easy, it just means your brain is wired to do that subject well.

Watching those light bulb moments when a student realises, they can learn is a joy.  When they start believing in themselves and their learning abilities, their confidence grows, and the learning starts to flow.

Knowing how you learn is a vital part of our 3Ls framework©.  However it’s important for us to explore the other two Ls in our framework.

Limiting Beliefs

Learning Journey

Both the beliefs a student can have around their learning and their learning journey can be obstacles standing in their way to success.

To read more please click here

L2 – Limiting Beliefs

L3  – Learning Journey


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